Clinical Information Systems

What is a Clinical Information System (CIS)?

A clinical information system is a computer-based system that collects, stores, and modifies clinical data on patients. These systems can be used in a single location or throughout an entire healthcare system. The goal of CIS is to integrate, collect, store, and manage data from various sources to support healthcare operational management, policy decisions, and patient data management.

There are numerous advantages to using CIS, including the automation of time-consuming manual tasks, improved accuracy due to reduced human error, visible records available from multiple care sites simultaneously, and integration with other bedside equipment and information systems. The built-in error checking and knowledge-based methods should result in a more secure and high-quality clinical process. The data is electronically captured by the CIS and may be made available to various systems. This eradicates the necessity for manual data entry or transcription while also making the data available for clinical, corporate, and research reporting.

Some CISs are intended for specific applications, with one such instance taking place in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). In this instance, the CIS can communicate with a hospital’s various computer systems, such as pathology and radiology. It combines data from these systems into an electronic patient record that physicians can access while the patient is still in bed. As a result, it can improve clinician communication, provide relevant data to clinical decision-makers, encourage quality improvement accurate data, provide real-time to aid in clinical research, and provide clinicians with patient x-rays and scans more quickly.

CIS also provides clinical information in a well-organized system while reducing errors by using legible, electronic data. This can reduce human error and improve patient safety.

Electronic Medical Records (EMR)

Clinical Information Systems (CIS) are distinct from Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems. The electronic health record (EHR) contains information about a person’s health, such as test results, treatments, and past medical history. It is also designed to exchange data with other electronic health records, allowing other healthcare professionals to access a patient’s medical information.

The CIS is highly specific, storing and managing information directly collected from caregivers and service providers. In contrast, the EHR provides a more generalized patient medical record that aids in informing clinical care. EHRs contain more information on a broader range of health topics and other health professionals.

CIS and EHR systems can work together to provide a more comprehensive picture of a patient’s health. EHR systems may use CIS systems to provide precise information to decision-making clinicians, allowing them to treat their patients more effectively. These benefits of CIS and EHR are augmented by cloud-based EHR systems, which can send this information to clinicians regardless of their location. Consumers will benefit from a more responsive healthcare experience as these two systems are integrated.

Despite its benefits, CIS can present some barriers, such as a high acquisition cost, a lack of technology in healthcare institutions, clinician resistance, and privacy and security concerns if not used correctly.

Clinical Information Systems Questions

Purpose

The purpose of this discussion is for you to analyze different clinical information systems’ features and functionality and determine the most beneficial system for your healthcare setting.

Instructions

Conduct an online search for two different electronic health record (EHR) software solutions you view as beneficial to your healthcare setting. Examples may include but are not limited to, the following: eClinicalWorks, McKesson, Cerner, Allscripts, Athena Health, GE Healthcare, Epic, Care360, Practice Fusion, Optum Insight, and NEXTGEN.

Then, address the following:

  1. Identify two selected EHR software solutions and describe three features of each software solution.
  2. Compare and contrast the benefits of the two selected EHR software solutions.
  3. Select an EHR software solution that is best suited for your workplace environment and provide the rationale for your selection.