Nursing Theory

Nursing Theory

Reflect on the tenets of the Theory of Humanbecoming and its core concepts and assumptions. Then compare and contrast how the core concepts currently apply to your nursing practice versus how you anticipate they will relate to your future practice as a family nurse practitioner. Please identify at least 2 specific assumptions of the theory in your discussion as outlined in your textbook.

Use the chapters  Nursing Theory

Chapter 14: Martha E. Roger’s Science of Unitary Human Beings

Chapter 15: Rosemarie Rizzo Parse’s Humanbecoming Paradigm


Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice (Parker, Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice)

Authors: Marlaine Smith PhD RN AHN-BC FAAN; Marilyn E. Parker PhD RN FAAN


Edition: 4

I attached the power point referents to this chapters.

Define the discipline and profession of nursing as implicated by Rosemarie Parse.

Articulate Parse’s reasons for changing man-living-health to humanbecoming.

Discuss the nine assumptions underlying the three major themes of Parse’s Humanbecoming Theory.

Describe the two research methods developed by Parse.

Discuss the components of Humanbecoming: The Art.

Identify and discuss the postulates and principles described by Parse and their role in explicating Parse’s Humanbecoming paradigm.

Compare and contrast a simultaneity paradigm, a totality paradigm and Parse’s humanbecoming paradigm. Nursing Theory

Introducing the Theorist Rosemarie Rizzo Parse

  • Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Loyola University Chicago
  • Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing
  • Initiated and is immediate past chair of the Nursing Theory–Guided Practice Expert Panel.
  • Founder and editor of Nursing Science Quarterly
  • President of Discovery International


  • Metaperspective
  • Original work was named Man-Living-Health: A Theory of Nursing (1981).
  • When the term mankind was replaced with male gender in the dictionary definition of man, the name of the theory was changed to human becoming (Parse, 1992).



Totality vs Simultaneity Paradigms

  • The totality paradigm frameworks and theories are more closely aligned with the medical model tradition.
  • Nurses practicing according to this paradigm are concerned with participation of persons in health care decisions but have specific regimens and goals to bring about change for the people they serve (Parse, 1999b).
  • In contrast, the simultaneity paradigm views the human as unitary–indivisible, unpredictable, and ever-changing (Parse, 1987, 1998a, 2007b), wherein health is considered a value and a process.
  • The ontology leads research and practice scholars to focus on, for example, energy and environmental field patterns (Rogers, 1992).
  • Nurses focus on power in knowing participation (Barrett, 2010; Rogers, 1992)Nursing Theory.

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Third Paradigm

  • In 2012, Parse identified a third paradigm, the humanbecoming paradigm (Parse, 2012a, 2013a).
  • This was created in as much as the ontology, epistemology, and methodologies of the humanbecoming school of thought have moved on from the traditional metaparadigm conceptualization and beyond the totality and simultaneity paradigms (Parse, 2013a)Nursing Theory.

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Human becoming Paradigm

    • With the humanbecoming paradigm in the ontology, humanuniverse is an indivisible, unpredictable everchanging cocreation, and living quality is the becoming visible-invisible becoming of the emerging now.
    • Nurses living the humanbecoming paradigm beliefs hold that their primary concern is people’s perspectives of living quality with human dignity Nursing Theory


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Fundamental Idea

  • Humans are indivisible, unpredictable, ever-changing
  • Precludes any use of terms such as physiological, biological, psychological, or spiritual to describe the human.
  • Other words often used to describe people, such as, noncompliant, dysfunctional, and manipulative are not consistent with humanbecoming
  • Humanbecoming and humanuniverse are presented as one word (Parse, 2007b).
  • Joining the words creates one concept and further confirms the idea of indivisibility.



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The Ontology

  • The assumptions, postulates, and principles of the humanbecoming school of thought (Parse, 2007b).



Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company


  • Humans construct personal realities with unique choosings arising with illimitable humanuniverse options
  • Rhythmical humanuniverse patterns of relating
  • Revealing–concealing, Enabling-limiting, Connecting–separating
  • Humans are ever-changing, that is, moving on with the possibilities of their intended hopes and dreams.
  • Powering, originating, transforming. Nursing Theory