Self-efficacy Theory Essay

Topic 1 DQ 2: Self-efficacy Theory Essay

Describe A Health Promotion Model Used to Initiate Behavioral Changes

Self-efficacy theory is one of the health promotion models that outlines the theoretical foundation for behavioral change. The model was established by Bandura, who suggested that a person has the capacity to influence their outcomes on a specific task. A person’s perception of their ability to change a particular behavior impacts and determines their capabilities to initiate the change, leading to a better outcome (Li, 2020). The theory delineates that self-evaluation, and application of past experiences and skills, together with behavioral and environmental factors, are core in shaping an individual’s behavior. It enlightens patients to be in charge of decisions regarding their health, ultimately impacting their health behaviors and outcomes. Self-efficacy Theory Essay.

How Does This Model Help in Teaching Behavioral Changes?

The self-efficacy model plays a significant role in enabling people to learn about behavioral changes. The theory posits that behavioral change depends on the degree of belief in one’s capacity to change bad health behavior. For example, an individual with higher self-efficacy trying to quit smoking is more likely to change their behavior than the one with lower self-efficacy. The model dictates the goals an individual decides to pursue, the strategies for achieving the goals, and how to reflect on the performance (Li, 2020). Self-efficacy Theory Essay.

What Are Some of the Barriers That Affect a Patient’s Ability to Learn?

Indeed, various factors can interfere with a patient’s ability to learn, including inadequate motivation, insufficient hospitalization time, and inadequate knowledge about the essence of education (Beigzadeh et al., 2019). A patient experiencing severe pain and distress due to their health condition will not be in a position to learn. Language and cultural barriers can also affect the patient’s capacity to learn since the patient will not communicate effectively with the nurse. Self-efficacy Theory Essay.

How Does a Patient’s Readiness to Learn, Or Readiness to Change, Affect Learning Outcomes?

Patients who demonstrate the desire to learn or change will be more ready to receive the teaching and are likely to put effort into the education provided; in turn, the teaching will impact them positively (Beigzadeh et al., 2019). However, patients with low learning readiness may face challenging personal situations and reduced emotional, physical, or mental ability to receive and tolerate the teaching, interfering with the outcome of the activity. Self-efficacy Theory Essay.


Beigzadeh, A., Yamani, N., Bahaadinbeigy, K., & Adibi, P. (2019). Challenges and problems of clinical medical education in Iran: A systematic review of the literature. Strides in Development of Medical Education16(1).

Li, C. (2020). Self-efficacy theory. In Routledge Handbook of Adapted Physical Education (pp. 313-325). Routledge. Self-efficacy Theory Essay.

Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes. How does this model help in teaching behavioral changes? What are some of the barriers that affect a patient’s ability to learn? How does a patient’s readiness to learn, or readiness to change, affect learning outcomes?