The Possible Complications from Failure of Peristalsis

The Possible Complications from Failure of Peristalsis

Peristalsis

A patient has no peristalsis in the gastrointestinal tract. Explain the possible complications of this condition Reference page No more than 500 words

The Possible Complications from Failure of Peristalsis

Peristalsis is the movement of matter from the esophagus to the rectum, facilitated by contraction of the muscles of the gastrointestinal tract. The process is involuntary and crucial for the movement of food material through the gut, bile from the gallbladder to the lower abdomen and urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Peristalsis is also referred to as gut motility. Failure of the process is very uncomfortable and in most cases fatal. The Possible Complications from Failure of Peristalsis Which possible complications would develop from lack of peristaltic movement?

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Disruption of gut motility can result into intestinal obstruction, often in the worst case scenario. Accumulation of food material in the ileum or colon would thus cause bowel ischemia, a condition in which blood supply to these organs is limited or halted (Arthur, 2016). The result is bowel inflammation, which in turn causes intestinal wall necrosis. The cells in the walls of the small and large intestines develop permanent injuries. The cell destruction results in non-selective cell permeability leading to leakage of gastrointestinal contents into the peritoneal cavity (Griffiths, & Glancy, 2017). The cavity is a germ-free surrounding inferring that matter leakage would contaminate the cavity causing a septic shock The Possible Complications from Failure of Peristalsis.

Peristaltic failure may also lead to abdominal obstruction. In this case, food material accumulates in the stomach or lower abdomen blocking the gut (Catena et al. 2019). A patient with abdominal obstruction cannot experience hunger hence may suffer malnutrition. Lack of nutrients in the body may also result in starvation if the condition is not corrected. Gastrointestinal obstruction may also result into constipation, which obscures the expulsion of undigested or indigestible matter from the rectum (Arthur, 2016). Medical practitioners need to conduct a colonscopy to establish the exact position of the obstruction before prescribing corrective measures. Consumption of fluids and laxatives is recommended in acute cases The Possible Complications from Failure of Peristalsis.

References

Arthur, J. A. (2016). Constipation and Bowel Obstruction. HOSPICE AND PALLIATIVE MEDICINE AND SUPPORTIVE CARE, 137.

Catena, F., De Simone, B., Coccolini, F., Di Saverio, S., Sartelli, M., & Ansaloni, L. (2019). Bowel obstruction: a narrative review for all physicians. World Journal of Emergency Surgery, 14(1), 20.

Griffiths, S., & Glancy, D. G. (2017). Intestinal obstruction. Surgery (Oxford), 35(3), 157-164 The Possible Complications from Failure of Peristalsis.

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