The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Paper details:

Select 1 of the following disorders:
Reactive attachment disorder
Disinhibited social engagement disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Focus your discussion on the following:
What are some of the symptoms?
What would this disorder look like in person? Make sure you relate this back to the DSM criteria.
Find 1 article, book, or video that shows someone discussing his or her personal experience related to the disorder you chose. Discuss the impact of symptoms on both the individual with the diagnosis and the individual’s family and friends.
Discuss 1 effective treatment approach for the disorder you selected. Support with research.

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The Post-traumatic stress disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental instability disorder that follows a period of experiencing or witnessing a terrifying or profoundly scaring event. The aftermath of such terrifying events subjects them to conditions that appear as though it would be difficult to adjust and fully recover from the afterthoughts of the event (Bisson, Cosgrove, Lewis, & Roberts, 2015). Traumatizing events may include loss of loved ones, sexual assault, or even accidents. Temporary PTSD is self-readjusting, and the symptoms take a short time. However, in some cases, the symptoms take a long stretch of time, probably months or a year and if not timely treated, ma interferes with the quality of life that individual experiences The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Symptoms of PTSD

The symptoms appear in four distinct forms, which include intrusive memories, avoidance symptoms, limitations in thinking and mood, as well as changes in one’s physical and emotional reactions. Intrusive memory symptoms include recurrent memories and flashbacks of the traumatic event, upsetting and terrifying dreams of the event and frequently relating real-life events to the game (Bisson, Cosgrove, Lewis, & Roberts, 2015). Besides, avoidance symptoms include struggling to keep away from thinking about such events and avoiding places, events, and activities that may remind one of the terrific events The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Moreover, limiting changes in thinking, and mood symptoms may include limited perception of self, feelings of hopelessness, problems of keeping memories as well as difficulty in establishing and retaining close relationships with other people. Additionally, the symptoms of changes in one’s physical and emotional reactions include being constantly frightened, being alert on possible dangers, insomnia, and lack of concentration coupled with constant guilt. These symptoms often intensify with time and may appear at the time of general distress as well as when the patient encounters events that remind them of the traumatic events. In extreme levels, individuals may experience suicidal thoughts The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Diagnosis Criteria for PTSD

The DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for PTSD for adults, adolescents, and children who are six years or older is classified into several categories. Individuals previously exposed to actual or threatened death and sexual violence or those that directly experienced traumatic events, learning that such incidents happened to one of their family members, witnessing another individual undergo such events or even experiencing repeated exposure to adverse conditions of traumatic events. Recurrent distressing memories of such events, and in children younger than six years, play may include aspects of such traumatic events (APA, 2014). Individuals may experience some or all of the symptoms discussed above, which may also extend to a consistent feeling of detachment from their actual processes of life. Besides, derealisation may occur, in which one persistently loses touch with the actuality of their surroundings. These symptoms would gradually lead to consistent blackouts, alcohol intoxication, and partial seizures The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Personal Experience with PTSD

Amanda Oliver, in an article published in the LA Times, explains how working in the library subjected her to the symptoms of PTSD. Oliver quit her librarian job in the previous fall due to monotony and boredom and burnout, which had resulted in the symptoms of PTSD. The silence and concentration in the library environment had informed her causes for the symptom. However, in the periods that followed her resignation, the release of the film “The Public” s released” which reminds of the situation that she had undergone as a library worker (Oliver, 2019). She admits having subject to temper losses, emotional breakdown, which were caused by a patron who always shouted, threw books and plastic sign holders at the librarians The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Treatment Approach PTSD

Therapies constitute a broader approach to the treatment of PTSD. One of the most preferred therapy approaches is Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT), which is introduced at the twelfth week of treatment. CPT is a weekly session and goes on for between 60-90 minutes. It entails initial talk engagement with the patient and how these events directly affect one’s life.  It helps the therapist examine the extent to which the event affects the patient. The therapist then introduces all the aspects of the event that were beyond the control of the patient and help them to overcome the trauma by convincing them to move forward.  The patient is helped to understand that the event was entirely not their fault, and they should accept everything that happened The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

References

APA. (2014). Exhibit 1.3-4DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for PTSD. Rockville (MD): Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.

Bisson, J. I., Cosgrove, S., Lewis, C., & Roberts, N. P. (2015). Post-traumatic stress disorder. BMJ, 351:(H6161). doi:10.1136/bmj.h6161

OLIVER, A. (2019, April 19). Op-Ed: Working as a librarian gave me post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Retrieved from www.latimes.com: https://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-oliver-librarian-the-public-movie-20190419-story.html The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

 

 

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